NASM OPT Model
***The OPT Model & OPT Template were developed by the National Academy of Sports medicine. The models and descriptions were created by the National Academy of Sports medicine and have been printed here with permission.
TrainSMART is committed to following the principles of the National Academy of Sports Medicine's Optimum Performance Training Model.
OPTTM for Fitness Clients
Optimum Performance Training
Until now, most training programs have been based almost entirely on the experiences and goals of bodybuilders, coaches, and athletes. Scientifically unsupported training programs are not designed to meet the needs of our increasingly de-conditioned and injury-prone society.
NASM's exclusive Optimum Performance Training method represents the industry's first and only comprehensive training program based on current scientific research that provides undisputed results specific to individual needs and goals.
Creating a new industry standard for success, OPT virtually eliminates programming and program-design guesswork for any fitness, sports-performance, or sports-medicine professional. By following NASM's systematic OPT method, our certified professionals now develop training, conditioning, or rehabilitation programs scientifically proven to produce remarkable results.
By incorporating multiple types of training—flexibility, cardio respiratory, core, balance, reactive, speed, agility, quickness, and strength—into every program, the revolutionary and easy-to-use OPT method improves all biomotor abilities and builds high levels of functional strength, neuromuscular efficiency, and dynamic flexibility.
- Stabilization Endurance Training should be used for beginner-level clients who may possess muscle imbalances, lack postural control and stability. This phase is crucial for all individuals no matter their goals as it prepares them for the higher demands of training seen in phases 2-5. Although this phase is the first phase of training in the OPT Model, it will also be important to cycle back through this phase of training between periods of higher intensity training seen in Phases 2 through 5. This will allow for proper recovery and maintenance of high levels of stability that will ensure optimal strength and/or power adaptations. This phase of training focuses on:
- Increasing Stability
- Muscular Endurance
- Improving Flexibility
- Increasing Neuromuscular Efficiency of the Core Musculature
- Improving Inter-muscular and Intramuscular Coordination
The primary focus when progressing in this phase is on increasing the proprioception (controlled instability) of the exercises, rather than just the load.
- Recruitment of More Motor Units
- Rate of Force Production
- Motor Unit Synchronization
Maximal Strength Training has also been shown to help increase the benefits of forms of power training used in Phase 5.